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Legitimately bad

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I have spent a fair amount of time over the last several months analyzing the Security Information Management (SIM) market to see how products like Arcsight[arcsight.com], QRadar[q1labs.com], SecureVue[eiqnetworks.com], and enVision[rsa.com], could benefit us (and our customers) as a Managed Security Service Provider (MSSP)[truedigitalsecurity.com]. I was intrigued, then, when I picked up the December issue of The ISSA Journal and saw an article entitled, "Logs Do Not Lie."

While there are many advertised benefits to SIM solutions (log management, forensics, threat management, compliance, etc.), one of the take-aways I had from this article regarding the benefits of using a SIM solution was the idea that authorized activity is not always the same thing as safe or legitimate activity.

The two examples provided by the article to illustrate this point involve website mirroring and file transfers. Website mirroring looks a lot like regular web browsing, except it is usually complete (every page is visited) and the pages are viewed in rapid succession. Firewalls and web servers typically log traffic suspected of mirroring the site, but it is not usually treated as actionable information because it is so similar to legitimate activity. Website mirroring is interesting, however, because it could be a precursor to a phishing attack, especially if the source of the mirroring is not a regular client or is located in an interesting geographic region.

The file transfer example is related to Network Behavior Anomaly Detection (NBAD), a feature provided in one form or another by many SIM products. The idea with this illustration is that a given network user may routinely transfer information via external File Transfer Protocol (FTP) servers. If, however, this user's typical exchanges are around 10K and a 600M exchange is identified, it is noteworthy and probably merits further investigation.

Both examples illustrate the value in collecting information from the various sources on your network (routers, firewalls, servers, IDSs, etc.) in order to analyze and report on that information. Judging by the customer lists on the SIM vendor websites, it would appear that there are quite a few organizations already seeking to take advantage of this information.